Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is Indonesia's fifth-largest island and the heartland of Indonesia. With more than 130 million people inhabiting an area as big as Greece, Java is one of the most populated place on this planet. No wonder that Java has become Indonesia's political, economic and cultural epicentre throughout the history.
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, located on the northwest of the island of Java. Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole. Its best known landmark is Monas (National Monument) and Istiqlal Mosque, the biggest mosque in Southeast Asia with a capacity of 120,000.
Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and the capital od East Java province and famous port town, is located on East Java. It is the gateway to Mount Bromo and Bali.
Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some 500,000 people and the most popular tourist destination on Java, largely thanks to its proximity to the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. The town is a center of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities.
Java offers everything a somewhat adventurous traveler is looking for: two of world's great ancient monuments, volcanoes (all 121 of them), major national parks, rainforests, tea and rice plantations, large cities, big waves and even savanna. The scenery in most parts of Java is spectacular and, while the island is overpopulated, there are still plenty of unspoiled places. Even though the beaches are not very appealing in Java and tides can be fatal especially in south part of Java, in nearby archipelagos like Pulau Seribu or Karimunjawa the traveler can find white sand beaches and corals islands.